metformin-hcl
(Glucophage)

The metformin drug is used to control blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes and is most effective when combined with a healthy diet and exercise program. In some cases, it may also be prescribed alongside lifestyle changes to treat people who are at a high risk for becoming diabetic. By lowering high blood sugar, it helps prevent health complications such as kidney or nerve damage, blindness, and loss of limbs. It is not used to treat type 1 diabetes.

The metformin drug is used to control blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes and is most effective when combined with a healthy diet and exercise program. In some cases, it may also be prescribed alongside lifestyle changes to treat people who are at a high risk for becoming diabetic. By lowering high blood sugar, it helps prevent health complications such as kidney or nerve damage, blindness, and loss of limbs. It is not used to treat type 1 diabetes.

CAUTIONS: DO NOT TAKE THIS MEDICINE if you have had an allergic reaction to it or are allergic to any ingredient in this product. THIS MEDICINE MAY COMMONLY CAUSE STOMACH UPSET, INDIGESTION, NAUSEA, VOMITING, OR DIARRHEA AT THE BEGINNING OF TREATMENT. If you develop unusual or unexpected stomach problems, or if you develop stomach problems later during treatment, contact your doctor at once. This may be a sign of lactic acidosis. IF VOMITING OR DIARRHEA OCCURS, you will need to take care not to become dehydrated. Contact your doctor for instructions. This medicine may cause dizziness. DO NOT DRIVE, OPERATE MACHINERY, OR DO ANYTHING ELSE THAT COULD BE DANGEROUS until you know how you react to this medicine. Using this medicine alone, with other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or to perform other potentially dangerous tasks. THIS MEDICINE DOES NOT USUALLY CAUSE LOW BLOOD SUGAR (hypoglycemia). However, hypoglycemia may be more likely to occur if you take this medicine along with certain other medicines for diabetes (eg, sulfonylureas, insulin). It may also be more likely to occur if you skip a meal, exercise heavily, or drink alcohol. Signs of hypoglycemia include increased heartbeat, headache, chills, sweating, tremor, increased hunger, changes in vision, nervousness, weakness, dizziness, drowsiness, or fainting. It is a good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat hypoglycemia. If you do not have a reliable source of glucose available, eat a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink a glass of orange juice or non-diet soda to quickly raise your blood sugar level. To prevent hypoglycemia, eat meals on a regular schedule and do not skip meals. DO NOT DRIVE OR PERFORM OTHER POSSIBLY UNSAFE TASKS IF YOU HAVE SYMPTOMS OF LOW BLOOD SUGAR. If you experience low blood sugar, tell your doctor. KEEP ALL DOCTOR AND LABORATORY APPOINTMENTS while you are using this medicine. Laboratory and/or medical tests such as kidney function, liver function, fasting blood glucose, hemoglobin A1C, or blood counts, should be done to monitor your progress or to check for side effects. IF YOUR BLOOD SUGARS HAVE BEEN UNDER CONTROL AND ARE SUDDENLY DIFFICULT TO MANAGE, contact your doctor as soon as possible. BEFORE YOU HAVE ANY MEDICAL OR DENTAL TREATMENTS, EMERGENCY CARE, LABORATORY TESTS, OR SURGERY, tell the doctor or dentist that you are using this medicine. During times of stress such as fever, infection, injury, or surgery, it may be more difficult to control your blood sugar. Consult your doctor, as a change in your medicine may be required. DO NOT drink large amounts of alcohol while you are taking this medicine. TALK TO YOUR DOCTOR BEFORE YOU DRINK ALCOHOL while you use this medicine. BEFORE YOU BEGIN TAKING ANY NEW MEDICINE, either prescription or over-the-counter, check with your doctor or pharmacist. CAUTION IS ADVISED WHEN USING THIS MEDICINE IN THE ELDERLY because they may be more sensitive to the effects of the medicine. Low blood sugar levels may be more difficult to recognize in the elderly. FOR WOMEN: IF YOU PLAN ON BECOMING PREGNANT, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using this medicine during pregnancy. IT IS UNKNOWN IF THIS MEDICINE IS EXCRETED in breast milk. IF YOU ARE OR WILL BE BREAST-FEEDING while you are using this medicine, check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby.
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