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Hypoxia

Hypoxia

Your brain needs normal blood flow to carry oxygen and nutrients to keep it working well. When blood flow is blocked, your brain does not get the right amount of oxygen and the brain cells start to die within 5 minutes. Unlike other cells in the body, brain cells do not grow back when they die, so brain damage is permanent. When your brain does not work the right way, it causes problems with the rest of your body. This can change the normal actions of your body, your moods, and the way you act. This condition is known as anoxic brain damage. It is also called hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) or hypoxic-anoxic injury (HAI). It can cause long-lasting brain damage and coma. Anoxic brain injury is from any problem that may stop the brain from getting enough blood flow and oxygen. It needs emergency care and urgent treatment to help avoid more damage. Chances for recovery are better the sooner the blood flow to the brain is started again because it limits the number of brain cells that die. Treatment depends on the cause of the loss of oxygen to the brain and how severe the damage to the brain is.

Name

Anoxic Brain Damage

About this topic

Your brain needs normal blood flow to carry oxygen and nutrients to keep it working well. When blood flow is blocked, your brain does not get the right amount of oxygen and the brain cells start to die within 5 minutes. Unlike other cells in the body, brain cells do not grow back when they die, so brain damage is permanent. When your brain does not work the right way, it causes problems with the rest of your body. This can change the normal actions of your body, your moods, and the way you act. This condition is known as anoxic brain damage. It is also called hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) or hypoxic-anoxic injury (HAI). It can cause long-lasting brain damage and coma. Anoxic brain injury is from any problem that may stop the brain from getting enough blood flow and oxygen. It needs emergency care and urgent treatment to help avoid more damage. Chances for recovery are better the sooner the blood flow to the brain is started again because it limits the number of brain cells that die. Treatment depends on the cause of the loss of oxygen to the brain and how severe the damage to the brain is.

What drugs may be needed?

Lower pressure inside the brain,Treat or avoid seizures,Help with pain and swelling

Body systems

Central Nervous System,Emergency Medicine,Neonatal,Therapy (Occupational, Physical, Speech, etc)

What are other common names?

Anemic Anoxia,Anoxic Anoxia,Anoxic Brain Injury,Anoxic Encephalopathy,Brain Hypoxia,Brain Ischemia,Cerebral Hypoxia,HAI,HIE,Hypoxic Encephalopathy,Hypoxic Ischemic Brain Injury,Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy,Hypoxic-Anoxic Injury,Ischemic Insult,Oxygen-Deprived Brain,Stagnant Anoxia,Stagnant Hypoxia,Toxic Anoxia

Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer

This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. This is only a brief summary of general information. It does NOT include all information about conditions, illnesses, injuries, tests, procedures, treatments, therapies, discharge instructions or life-style choices that may apply to you. You must talk with your health care provider for complete information about your health and treatment options. This information should not be used to decide whether or not to accept your health care provider’s advice, instructions or recommendations. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to provide advice that is right for you.

Copyright

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Clinical Drug Information, Inc. and its affiliates and/or licensors. All rights reserved.

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