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Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy is a problem with your heart muscle. It can affect people of all ages. The heart muscle becomes bigger, thickened, or stiff. This illness makes it harder for your heart to pump blood. It becomes harder for your heart to carry blood to the rest of your body. This illness can lead to heart failure. There are many kinds of cardiomyopathy: The heart becomes weak and large. It cannot pump enough blood. This is dilated cardiomyopathy. This is the most common type of cardiomyopathy. The heart becomes thick. This makes it harder for blood to leave the heart. This is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. It is a common cause of sudden cardiac death. The arteries that give the heart blood become narrow. The heart becomes enlarged and weak. This is ischemic cardiomyopathy. The heart muscle becomes stiff. Abnormal heart tissue replaces normal heart tissue. This reduces blood flow in the heart. This is restrictive cardiomyopathy. It is most common in older adults. The heart becomes weak during pregnancy or in the first 5 months after birth. This is peripartum cardiomyopathy. Sudden weakening of the heart caused by physical or emotion stress. This is stress-induced cardiomyopathy. Cardiomyopathy may go away on its own, or may not need treatment. Cardiomyopathy may be treated with drugs or surgery. Sometimes, pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators are used to treat this illness. Other times, a heart transplant is needed.

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Cardiomyopathy Discharge Instructions

About this topic

Cardiomyopathy is a problem with your heart muscle. It can affect people of all ages. The heart muscle becomes bigger, thickened, or stiff. This illness makes it harder for your heart to pump blood. It becomes harder for your heart to carry blood to the rest of your body. This illness can lead to heart failure. There are many kinds of cardiomyopathy: The heart becomes weak and large. It cannot pump enough blood. This is dilated cardiomyopathy. This is the most common type of cardiomyopathy. The heart becomes thick. This makes it harder for blood to leave the heart. This is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. It is a common cause of sudden cardiac death. The arteries that give the heart blood become narrow. The heart becomes enlarged and weak. This is ischemic cardiomyopathy. The heart muscle becomes stiff. Abnormal heart tissue replaces normal heart tissue. This reduces blood flow in the heart. This is restrictive cardiomyopathy. It is most common in older adults. The heart becomes weak during pregnancy or in the first 5 months after birth. This is peripartum cardiomyopathy. Sudden weakening of the heart caused by physical or emotion stress. This is stress-induced cardiomyopathy. Cardiomyopathy may go away on its own, or may not need treatment. Cardiomyopathy may be treated with drugs or surgery. Sometimes, pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators are used to treat this illness. Other times, a heart transplant is needed.

What drugs may be needed?

Increase the strength of your heart muscle,Help heart function,Slow your heart rate,Keep your heart rhythm normal,Remove extra water from your body,Prevent blood clots,Control your blood pressure, blood sugar, or cholesterol levels

What problems could happen?

Heart failure,Blood clots,Problems with heart rhythm or valves,Cardiac arrest or sudden death

When do I need to call the doctor?

You gain more than 2 pounds (1 kg) in a day,Feeling tired, weak, or dizzy,Fainting,Shortness of breath when sitting, lying down, or doing your normal activities,Wheezing or cough that does not go away,Chest pain,Swelling in the lower area like feet, ankles, or legs,Very fast, very slow, or irregular heartbeat,You are not feeling better in 2 to 3 days or you are feeling worse

Body systems

Ambulatory Care,Cardiovascular

What are other common names?

Apical Ballooning Syndrome,Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia,ASH,Asymmetric Septal Hypertrophy,Broken Heart Syndrome,Congestive Cardiomyopathy,Dilated Cardiomyopathy,Enlarged Heart,Extrinsic Cardiomyopathy,HCM,HOCM,Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy,Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy,Idiopathic Hypertrophic Subaortic Stenosis,IHSS,Inflammatory Cardiomyopathy,Intrinsic Cardiomyopathy,Ischemic Cardiomyopathy,MSS,Muscular Subaortic Stenosis,Myocardiopathy,Myocarditis,Nonischemic Cardiomyopathy,Peripartum Cardiomyopathy,Restrictive Cardiomyopathy,Stress-Induced Cardiomyopathy,Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy

Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer

This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. This is only a brief summary of general information. It does NOT include all information about conditions, illnesses, injuries, tests, procedures, treatments, therapies, discharge instructions or life-style choices that may apply to you. You must talk with your health care provider for complete information about your health and treatment options. This information should not be used to decide whether or not to accept your health care provider’s advice, instructions or recommendations. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to provide advice that is right for you.

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